Special Content

Issue no 42, 15-21 January 2022

Review of the Year 2021 Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Scheduled Tribes (ST) constitute approximately 8.6 percent of India’s population numbering around 10.4 crores. There are over 705 Scheduled Tribes notified under article 342 of the Constitution of India. In keeping with Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s vision of ‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas’, the Government of India has focused on development of tribes and conservation of their heritage and culture as a priority.

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) in line with this vision and its enduring commitment for welfare of tribals geared itself to ensure sectoral development through enhanced allocation of financial resources, convergence of efforts, re-engineering of planning and implementation mechanism of the ministry. The budget of MoTA increased from Rs 3850 crores in 2014-15 to Rs 7484 crores in 2021-22. This enhanced availability of resources has enabled the ministry to chart a new progress path with greater commitment to ensure holistic development of tribal communities.


15th November declared as Janjatiya Gaurav Divas

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the declaration of 15th November as Janjatiya Gaurav Divas dedicated to the memory of brave tribal freedom fighters so that coming generations could know about their sacrifices about the country. The date is the birth anniversary of Shri Birsa Munda who is revered as Bhagwan by tribal communities across the country. More than 125 events / activities were organized during the weeklong Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations from 15th to 22nd November (Janjatiya Gaurav Saptah) in various parts of the country to mark the iconic week to remember the great unsung tribal heroes who have sacrificed their lives and contributed to nation-building.


Bhagwan Birsa Munda Museum in Jharkhand

Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, inaugurated the Bhagwan Birsa Munda Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum and Park in Ranchi, Jharkhand on the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas. The project that includes a 25-feet tall statue of Birsa Munda, been developed by the MoTA in association with the Jharkhand government. It demonstrates the way tribals struggled to protect their forests, land rights, their culture and displays their valour and sacrifices, which is vital for nation-building


Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum in Manipur

The Union Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Cooperation, Shri Amit Shah, laid the foundation stone of the 'Rani Gaidinliu Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum' at Luangkao village, in Manipur’s Tamenglong district. The museum will inspire the youth of the country in dedicating their service to the nation apart from realizing the spirit of the freedom struggle. The Union Home Minister remembered the life and sacrifices made by Rani Gaidinliu, whose struggle to free her people from the British began from an early age.


Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS)

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has been making continuous efforts in the direction of welfares of the tribal community; education being one of its key areas of intervention. On the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for the construction of 50 new Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRSs) in 27 districts of 7 States and 1 Union Territory through virtual mode from Bhopal at an event to commemorate Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav (India @ 75). A total of 84 EMRS foundation stones were laid during 2021; out of which foundation stone for 50 EMRS was laid by the PM, 27 EMRS foundation stone was laid by Minister for Tribal Affairs Shri Arjun Munda and MoS Shri Bisheshwar Tudu. Other than these, 7 foundation stone of EMRS was laid by State Ministers. There are 367 functional EMRSs across the country with around 85,232 students currently enrolled. The construction of 173 EMRSs are under progress.


These schools are envisaged to be brought at par with Navodaya Vidyalayas. National Education Society for Tribal Students (NESTS) as an autonomous body under the Ministry has been set up to provide overall support and policy directions to the schools in order to bring uniformity in the administration of the schools. The State/UT EMRS Societies at the State/UT level have been set up for day-to-day administration and management of the schools.


The initiative marks the indomitable spirit of the MoTA aiming to promote education as a powerful tool for tribal students in paving the roads for future success and accomplishments.


Digital Transformation of Tribal Schools

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Microsoft signed MoU on Joint initiative for Digital Transforma-tion of Tribal Schools. The collaboration seeks to skill educators and students in next-generation digital technologies, including Artificial Intelligence (AI). Under affirmative action initiative, Microsoft will make AI curriculum available to tribal students in both English and Hindi at all EMRSs to skill educators and students in next-generation technologies. Under the first phase of this programme, 250 EMRS schools were adopted by Microsoft, out of which 50 EMRS schools were given intensive training, and 500 master trainers were trained.


Experiential Learning for the 21st Century

As part of celebrations of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Secretary, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Shri Anil Kumar Jha and Chairman, CBSE, Shri Manoj Ahuja, jointly launched a certificate course on Experiential Learning for the 21st Century for educators from CBSE and Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRSs) in collaboration with Tata Trusts, CETE, TISS (Centre of Excellence in Teacher Education, Tata Institute of Social Sciences), Mumbai and MGIS (Mahatma Gandhi International School), Ahmedabad. The programme was deployed for 350 educators in 6 States.


NISHTHA- Capacity Building Programme for EMRS Teachers & Principals

To fulfill the long-standing vision of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and to achieve academic excellence in Eklavya Model Residential Schools, 120 EMRS teachers and principals from 3 states completed a 40 days’ NISHTHA-National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers Holistic Advancement Program. The programme aimed at building competencies among teachers and school principals, additionally, improving the quality of school education through Integrated Teacher Training. MoTA collaborated with the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), a national apex education body of several programmatic initiatives and interventions and conducted similar programmes across 350 functional EMRS schools pan India.


Pre/Post Matric Scholarships to 35.2 lakh tribal students

The MoTA disbursed an amount of Rs. 2500 crores to 35.2 lakh tribal students under Pre and Post-Matric Scholarship Scheme through Direct Benefit Transfer during 2021, amid the Coronavirus pandemic situation to provide essential support for the continuation of education. In this regard, the State’s portals of Pre-Matric and Post-Matric Schemes have been integrated with DBT Tribal Portal and DBT Bharat Portal. Moreover, 331 Universities have been assimilated into this scheme, while an online student verification process has been undertaken to identify and verify the student’s details.


School Innovation Ambassador Training Programme

The Union Education Minister, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan and the Union Minister of Tribal Affairs, Shri Arjun Munda, jointly launched the School Innovation Ambassador Training Program for 50,000 school teachers. It aims at training 50,000 school teachers on innovation, entrepreneurship, Intellectual Property Rights, design thinking, product development, idea generation, among others.


GOAL initiative

GOAL (Going Online as Leaders) is a joint initiative of Ministry of Tribal Affairs with Facebook for digitally-enabled mentorship and empowering tribal youth to become leaders in their area of interest. Through the GOAL initiative, renowned people from the industry, arts, politics, business etc., known for their leadership skills or roles, are mobilized to personal mentor tribal youth through a digital medium. GOAL program has so far covered 23 States / UTs.


National Aadi Mahotsav

The National Aadi Mahotsav was held at Dilli Haat, INA, New Delhi, from the 1st to the 15th February 2021. The festival was an attempt to familiarize the people with the rich and diverse craft, the culture of the tribal communities across the country in one place. The fortnight-long festival witnessed the participation of thousands of tribal artisans, chefs, artists and cultural troupes from 25 states across the country. The Aadi Mahotsav witnessed heavy footfall with the tribal artisans registering approximately Rs 4 Crore in direct sales. Moreover, a purchase order worth Rs 8 Crores was placed by TRIFED; leading to a total business transactions of approximately Rs 12 Crores.


Adi Prashikshan Portal

Minister for Tribal Affairs, Shri Arjun Munda launched the Adi Prashikshan portal and inaugurated a three-day training programme on capacity building training of master trainers for ST PRI members as part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav in New Delhi. The Adi Prashikshan portal acts as a central repository of all training programs conducted by Tribal Research Institutes (TRIs), different divisions of Ministry, National Society for Education of Tribal Students (NESTS), Centre of Excellence funded by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and National Tribal Research Institute.


Anamaya: Initiative for Tribal Health & Nutrition

Anamaya, the Tribal Health Collaborative is a multistakeholder initiative of the Tribal Affairs Ministry supported by the Piramal Foundation and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF). It will converge efforts of various Government agencies and organisations to enhance the health and nutrition status of the tribal communities of India.


Institutional Support for Development and Marketing of Tribal Products/Produce:

·         TRIFED (Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India) has been promoting e-Commerce sale of tribal products from its own portal www.tribesindia.com and on all major e-commerce portals like Amazon, Snapdeal, Flipkart, Paytm, and GEM.

·         TRIFED has made the online sales of Rs. 99.74 lakhs in financial year 2020-21. During the current financial year 2021-22, TRIFED has made the sale of Rs.127.54 lakhs (Upto 30.11.2021).

·         TRIFED has established a network of 145 Outlets i.e. 97 own Sales outlets, 33 outlets on consignment sale and 15 franchise outlets located across the country as on 30.10.2021.

·         The total number of suppliers/ producers empanelled with TRIFED as on 31.10.2021 is 2915.

·         Sale of tribal products by TRIFED during 2019-20 – Rs. 40.30 Cr, 2020-21 – Rs. 29.63 Cr and 2021-22 (as on 30.10.2021) – Rs. 18.43 Cr. Van Dhan Vikas Karyakaram

·         Under the scheme of Minimum Support Price for minor forest produce Van Dhan Vikas Kendra Clusters (VDVKCs) act as common facility centres for procurement cum value addition to locally available minor forest produce.

·         Rs. 254.64 Cr have been released to TRIFED (in last three years for setting up Van Dhan Vikas Kendra Clusters (VDVKCs).

·         3110 VDVKCs have been sanctioned till date since its inception in 2019-20 benefitting 9.28 lakh MFP gatherers of more than 52000 self help groups.


Equity Support to NSTFDC/ STFDCs

·         NSTFDCs (National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporations) and STFDCs (State Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporations) extend concessional loans to the eligible Scheduled Tribe persons for undertaking any income generation activities/ self-employment through its implementing agencies.

·         Rs. 748.75 Cr have been disbursed by NSTFDC in the last three years (2019-20 to 30.11.2021) to 4.04 lakh tribal beneficiaries under its five schemes

·         NSTFDC has signed MoU with KVIC (Khadi and Village Industries Commission) to act as implementing agency under PMEGP scheme. The MoU aims at providing concessional loans to tribal entrepreneurs seeking financial assistance through banks and SCAs and the ST beneficiaries will get back ended subsidy up to 35% of the unit cost.


(Source: Press Information Bureau)