Current Issue 13thFebruary 2016 - 19 February 2016, i.e. No. 45
 
CAREER GUIDE


Sports Education In India
By
 

V. KUMAR

There are a number of professions in sports and related to it, but to excel in them one has to go though professional training and education.
If looking for education and training as a sportsperson, one way to approach training is to start early and get admission in one of the Sports Authority of India (SAI) centers at the State level and then gradually move up.

Physical Education

The basic course for trainers and coaches is formal education in Physical Education that is also graded from the basic level and moving up to the Doctorate level.
Even otherwise, a degree in Physical education comes very handy for those seeking a long career in sports and affiliated fields.
A number of government colleges also run full time courses in physical education right up to the doctorate level.
A basic structure of sports education in India may look like as under
(i)   NIS Diploma
(ii)  Bachelor in Physical Education (B P ED)
(iii) Masters in Physical Education (M P Ed)
(iv) M Phil Physical Education
(v)  Doctorate in Physical Education

Sports Management

There are options available in Sports management too, with the PG Diploma in Sports Management being the course offered most widely.
However, after getting the PG Diploma in sports management, it’s still not possible to get MBA in Sports management which one can get from a number of universities in the western countries.
The broad areas covered under courses in sports management are as under

Sports Administration

Managerial Principles
Organizational Behaviour and Sports Psychology
Theory, Philosophy and Sociology of sport
Sports Economics
Sports Finance
Sports Marketing
Business and Government including monetary and fiscal policy
Sponsorship and Broadcasting
Sports Science
Entrepreneurship
Communication
Sports Journalism and Public Relations
Sports Law
Quantitative Methods, Research Methodology and Sports Statistics
Project Work  and Practical Training and Development of Sporting Talent

Institutions

Some of the centers where one can get post graduate diploma in sports management are

Alagappa University, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu ,
Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Science, New Delhi.
Both these are government recognised and offer one year programme in Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Management.
Eligibility for the study in Alagappa university is successful completion of B P Ed and NIS diploma exams.
One can visit the website http://alagappauniversity.ac.in/about_au.php for more details.
For studying PGDSM from Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Science, New Delhi, eligibility requirement is achievements in the field of sports and Bachelor’s degree with minimum 40 percentage marks.
Sports management is becoming fashionable course in many private institutions too.
In the Eastern region, Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business management, Kolkata, offers PG Diploma course in Sports management.

Learning Centers

The premier learning and training institute for sportspersons in India is run by the Sports Authority of India.

Sports Authority of India

The Sports Authority of India (SAI) is a national level body set up to encourage and develop young sports talents in the country.
It was set up in the year 1984 to promote sports ad sporting talents in the country and is considered a successor to the 1984 Asian Games held at New Delhi.
The SAI has a number of sports facilities and stadiums under it in the capital that include Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium
Indira Gandhi Stadium (Indoor) and Yamuna Velodrone
Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium
Dr. Shyam Prasad Mookherjee Swimming Pool Complex
Dr. Karni Singh Shooting Ranges etc,
Besides these, SAI also runs two centers of excellence at Patiala and Thiruvananthpuram.
SAI runs various programmes at the state level too and the minimum qualification is 10 plus two.
SAI hostels are considered best places in India to train in sports and there are a number of sports scholarships available for deserving candidates.

NSIS Patiala

Netaji Subhash Institute Of Sports, Patiala (NSIS) is also known as the ‘Mecca’ of sports training in India and is housed in a huge palatial building and sprawling lawns. It is Asia’s largest sports institute.

Government of India spares no end in bringing some of the best coaches from around the world. To give an example, boxing is catching up fast with Indian youngsters and  players like Vijender, Suranjoy and Akhil have done India proud. The success in boxing goes a lot to the NSIS boxing center where top coaches from Cuba (widely considered the best boxing country in the world) have regularly been giving coaching.
NSIS Patiala also runs Centres of Excellence in 4 sports disciplines of Athletics, Cycling, Judo and Hockey.

LNCPE, Thiruvanathpuram

The Lakshmibai National College of Physical Education, Kariavattom, Thiruvanantha-puram was established in the year 1985. It runs under the auspices of the Department of Youth Affairs and Sports, Ministry of Human Resource Develop-ment, Government of India.The college is affiliated to the University of Kerala and its academic wing is at par with the NSIS Patiala.

Programmes offered here are

Bachelor of Physical Education (BPE) (3 years)
Master of Physical Education (MPE) (2 years) 
Post Graduate Diploma in Health and Fitness Management (PGDHFM), (1 Year)
Besides SAI there are other good training centers as well.
Lakshmibai National University of Physical Education (LNUPE)
The Lakshmibai National University of Physical Education, Gwalior came into existence in the year 1957.
It started as an affiliated college to the Vikram University as LCPE, moved on to become LNIPE as Deemed University and finally became LNUPE.
It came under administrative jurisdiction of the Ministry of Sports and Youth Affairs in the year 2000.
It also carries a number of courses beginning at the diploma, certificate level to research degrees.

YMCA-CPE, TN

YMCA College of Physical Education is affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Physical Education and Sports University and was founded in the year 1920. It is also considered a pioneer in physical education for student, trainers and coaches. It is a project of National Council of YMCAs of India. The college offers a number of programmes in physical education both for girls and boys.
Here is a list of some of the top places for sports education and Training in various parts of India
Alagppa University, KaraiKudi (Tamil Nadu)
Andhra University: College of Arts and Commerce, Vishakhpatnam
Awadesh Pratap Singh University, Rewa, (Madhya Pradeh)
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP
Bharathiyar University, Coiambatore,
Dr. Babasaheb Nandurkar College of Physical Education, Yavatmal, Maharashtra
Dr. Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar, MP
Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Science, Delhi
LNUPE, Gwalior, MP
Queen Mary’s College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati, Maharashtra.
Most importantly, to be successful in sports one has to have  commitment, passion, hard work, discipline, energy, enthusiasm, team management skills, good communication and leadership qualities besides the required skills in sports.
All these can be developed and honed and if one is ready for the hard work, a great career beckons.

(The author is a sports journalist with reporting experience of well known sports events including Olympics and Cricket World Cup. e-mail: vidhanshu@ hotmail. com)

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