Hiring of one Software Developer at Publications Division Headquarters, New Delhi on contract. || Subscribe print version with complimentary e-version @Rs.530 per annum; Subscribe only e-version @Rs.400 per annum. || !! ATTENTION ADVERTISERS !! Advertisers are requested to give full details of job Vacancies/ Minimum size will now be 200 sq.cm for shorter advertisements || Click here to become an e-resource aggregator of Publications Division || New Advertisement Policy || ||

Editorial Articles


Volume-2, 23-29, May 2020

Careers in Veterinary Science

Dr. Rajesh Kumar

Veterinarians are basically those doctors who diagnose and prescribe treatment for animals. Veterinarians care for the health of animals and work to improve public health. They diagnose, treat, and research medical conditions and diseases of pets, livestock, and other animals.

Aim of veterinary education

The aim of veterinary education is to provide veterinarians with skills to reinforce association of humans and animal by making the later free from their suffering and disease. The job of veterinarian is extremely daunting, keeping in sight the fact that animals are unable to express their suffering. He's the one who takes care of pet animals like dog, cat, birds etc. He is the person who helps to make sure production of safe and hygienic milk, meat, egg and other animal products. This makes the veterinary science a wide and interesting subject.

 

Role of veterinarian in Human safety

  • Veterinarian play a vital role in diagnosis and treatment of different zoonotic diseases like Bird flu in poultry, swine flu, anthrax, Tuberculosis, brucellosis in cow/buffaloes, rabies in dog etc Š
  • Veterinarian diagnoses the diseases which spread through meat, milk and egg Š
  • Veterinarian also detects the synthetic or adulterated milk by checking it in lab. Š
  • Veterinarian also helps in environmental hygiene by reducing the methane emission from livestock by providing good quality roughages and balanced diet.

 

Scenario of Livestock and Poultry in India

  • The total Livestock population is 535.78 million within the country showing a rise of 4.6% over Livestock Census2012.
  • The total number of cattle within the country is 192.49 million in 2019 showing a rise of 0.8 % over previous Census.
  • The total buffaloes within the country is 109.85 Million showing a rise of about 1.0% over previous Census.
  • The total sheep within the country is 74.26 Million in 2019, increased by 14.1% over previous Census. Š
  • The Goat population within the country in 2019 is 148.88 Million showing a rise of 10.1% over the previous census. Š
  • The total Pigs within the country is 9.06 Million within the present Census, declined by 12.03% over the previous Census. Š
  • The total Mithun within the country is 3.9 Lakhs in 2019, increased by 30.0% over previous Census. Š
  • The total Yak within the country is Fifty Eight Thousand in 2019, decreased by 24.67% over previous Census.
  • The total Horses and Ponies within the country is 3.4 Lakhs in 2019, decreased by 45.6% over previous Census. Š
  • The total population of Mules within the country is Eighty Four Thousand in 2019, decreased by 57.1% over previous Census. Š
  • The total population of Donkeys within the country is 1.2 Lakhs in 2019, decreased by 61.23% over previous Census. Š
  • The total Camel population within the country is 2.5 Lakhs in 2019, decreased by 37.1% over previous Census. Š
  • The total Poultry within the country is 851.81 Million in 2019, increased by 16.8% over previous Census.

 

Eligibility

Aspirants with Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB) in 10+2 must qualify the B.V.Sc & A.H. (Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry) course. The marks and age criteria are variable as per state and universities. Candidates are selected for this five and half years B.V.Sc & A.H. course on the basis of entrance test held as per VCI (Veterinary Council of India) ) at National level and State Veterinary University at State level.

 

Where to study

Presently there are 27 veterinary universities and 47 veterinary colleges in India which is recognized by Veterinary Council of India.

15 percent seats in every recognized veterinary college are filled through central pre veterinary test (CPVT) which is conducted by Veterinary Council of India (VCI) and left the seats are fill by the state level tests. In private collages of every state 50 % seats are reserved and rest are open for the students of all other states of India.

 

List of Veterinary Colleges which is Recognized By Veterinary Council of India

S.No.

NAME OF THE

STATE

NAME OF VETY COLLEGE

NAME OF THE UNIVERSITY

1.

ASSAM

FACULTY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, KHANAPARA, GUWAHATI – 781022, ASSAM

ASSAM AGRICULTURAL UNIV. JORHAT – 785013, ASSAM

2.

ANDHRA PRADESH

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, TIRUPATI- 517502, CHITTOOR, ANDHRA PRADESH.

SRI VENKATESWARA VETERINARY UNIVERSITY, TIRUPATI – 517502 ANDHRA PRADESH

3.

ANDHRA PRADESH

N.T.RAMA RAO COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, GANNAVARAM - 521 101, KRISHNA DISTT., ANDHRA PRADESH

4.

ANDHRA PRADESH

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE PRODDATUR- 516360, ANDHRA PRADESH

5.

BIHAR

BIHAR VETERINARY

COLLEGE, PATNA -

800014

BIHAR ANIMAL SCIENCES

UNIVERSITY, PATNA800014, BIHAR

6.

CHHATTISGARH.

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, POST BOX NO. 6, ANJORA, DURG – 491 001

CHHATTISGARH KAMDHENU VISHWAVIDYALAYA, ANJORA, DURG – 491001. RAIPUR, , CHHATTISGARH.

7.

GUJARAT

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, ANAND – 388 001.

ANAND AGRICUTURAL UNIVERSITY, ANAND – 388110, GUJARAT.

8.

GUJARAT

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, SARDAR KRUSHINAGAR- 385506, GUJARAT

S.K. NAGAR DANTIWADA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, SARDAR KRUSHINAGAR – 385506, GUJARAT

9.

GUJARAT

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, NAVSARI- 396450,

NAVSARI AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, NAVSARI – 396450, GUJARAT

10.

GUJARAT

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, JUNAGADH-362001,

JUNAGADH AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, JUNAGADH, - 362 001, GUJARAT

11.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

DR. G. C. COLLEGE OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES, DIST. KANGRA, PALAMPUR – 176062, HIMACHAL PRADESH

CHAUDHARY SARWAN KUMAR HIMACHAL PRADESH KRISHI VISHWA VIDYALAYA, PALAMPUR –176062. HIMACHAL PRADESH.

12.

HARYANA

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCES, HISAR - 125 004, HARYANA

LALA LAJPAT RAI UNIVERSITY OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES, HISAR – 125 004, HARYANA.

13.

HARYANA

INTERNATIONAL

INSTITUTE OF

VETERINARY

EDUCATION AND

RESEARCH, BAHU

AKBARPUR, ROHTAK –

124001, HARYANA.

PRIVATE COLLEGE

 

14.

KARNATAKA

VETERINARY COLLEGE, HEBBAL, BANGALORE - 560 024. KARNATAKA.

KARNATAKA VETERINARY, ANIMAL AND FISHERIES SCIENCES UNIVERSITY, NANDINAGAR, P.B. NO. 6, BIDAR-585 401, KARNATAKA.

15.

KARNATAKA

VETERINARY COLLEGE, NANDINAGAR BIDAR - 585 401, KARNATAKA

16.

KARNATAKA

VETERINARY COLLEGE,VINOBA NAGAR, P.B. NO. 53, SHIVAMOGGA- 577204, KARNATAKA

17.

KARNATAKA

VETERINARY COLLEGE, GOKULA, VIDYANAGAR, HASSAN-573202, KARNATAKA

18.

KERALA

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES, MANNUTHY, P.O., TRISSSUR - 680651, KERALA

KERALA VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY,DIRECTORATE, OF ACADEMIC AND RESEARCH , POOKODE, LAKKIDI, P.O. WAYANAD – 673 576, KERALA

19.

KERALA

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES, POOKOT, LAKKIDI P.O., WAYANAD - 673576 KERALA

20.

MADHYA PRADESH

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, JABALPUR-482001, MADHYA PRADESH

NANAJI DESHMUKH PASHU CHIKITSA VIGYAN VISHVIDYALAYA, SOUTH CIVIL LINES, JABALPUR, MADHYA PRADESH

21.

MADHYA PRADESH

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, DIST. INDORE, MHOW-453 446, MADHYA PRADESH.

22.

MADHYA PRADESH

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, KUTHULIYA, DIST – REWA, MADHYA PRADESH– 486001

23.

MAHARASHTRA.

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES , PARBHANI - 431 402, MAHARASHTRA

MAHARASHTRA ANIMAL & FISHERY SCIENCES UNIVERSITY, SEMINARY HILLS, NAGPUR-440 001, MAHARASHTRA.

24..

MAHARASHTRA.

NAGPUR VETERINARY COLLEGE, SEMINARY HILLS, NAGPUR - 440 006, MAHARASHTRA.

25.

MAHARASHTRA.

BOMBAY VETERINARY COLLEGE, PAREL, MUMBAI - 400 012, MAHARASHTRA

26.

MAHARASHTRA.

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES, UDGIR - 413 517, MAHARASHTRA

27.

MAHARASHTRA.

K.N.P. COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, POST – SHIRWAL, DISTT. SATARA -412801, MAHARASHTRA

28.

MIZORAM

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, SELESIH, AIZAWL – 796014, MIZORAM.

CENTRAL AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, IMPHAL -759 004, (MANIPUR)

29.

ODISHA

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, BHUBANESWAR – 751003 ODISHA

ORISSA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNOLOGY, BHUBANESWAR-751 003, ODISHA

30.

PONDICHERRY

RAJIV GANDHI COLLEGE OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES, KURUMBAPET, PUDUCHERRY - 605 009.

PONDICHERRY UNIVERSITY, R. VENKATARAMAN NAGAR, KALAPET, PONDICHERRY-605 014.

31.

PUNJAB

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, LUDHIANA-141004, PUNJAB

GURU ANGAD DEV VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY, LUDHIANA -141 004, PUNJAB

32.

PUNJAB

KHALSA COLLEGE OF ANIMAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES, RAM TIRATH ROAD, AMRITSAR – 143002

PRIVATE COLLEGE

33.

RAJASTHAN

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCE, BIKANER – 334 002, RAJASTHAN

RAJASTHAN UNIVERSITY OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES,NEAR DEEN DAYAL UPADHYAY CIRCLE,BIKANER (RAJASTHAN)

34.

RAJASTHAN

ARAWALI VETERINARY COLLEGE , SIKAR, RAJASTHAN

PRIVATE COLLEGE

35.

RAJASTHAN

COLLEGE OF

VETERINARY &

ANIMAL SCIENCE,

NAVANIA, UDAIPUR313601, RAJASTHAN

36.

RAJASTHAN

ARAWALI

VETERINARY

COLLEGE, SIKAR332001, RAJASTHAN

PRIVATE COLLEGE

37.

TAMIL NADU

MADRAS VETERINARY COLLEGE, VEPERY HIGH ROAD, CHENNAI - 600 007, TAMIL NADU

TAMIL NADU VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY, MADHAVARAM MILK COLONY CAMPUS, CHENNAI-600 051, TAMIL NADU

38.

TAMIL NADU

VETERINARY COLLEGE & RESEARCH INSTITUTE, NAMMAKKAL – 637001,TAMIL NADU

39.

TAMIL NADU

VETERINARY

COLLEGE &

RESEARCH INSTITUTE,

ORTHANADU-614625,

TAMIL NADU

40.

TAMIL NADU

VETERINARY

COLLEGE &

RESEARCH INSTITUTE,

TIRUNELVELI-627358,

TAMIL NADU

41.

TELANGANA

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, HYDERABAD -500030, ANDHRA PRADESH.

PV NARSIMHA RAO TELANGANA VETERINARY UNIVERSITY, RAJENDRA NAGAR – 500030, HYDERABAD.

42.

TRIPURA

COLLEGE OF

VETERINARY SCIENCE

AND ANIMAL

HUSBANDRY, R.K.

NAGAR, AGARTALA,

TRIPURA

TRIPURA UNIVERSITY,

AGARTALA, TRIPURA

43.

UTTARAKHAND

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCE , PANTNAGAR - 263 145, DISTT. UDHAM SINGH NAGAR, UTTARAKHAND

GOBIND BALLABH PANT UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL & TECHNOLOGY, PANTNAGAR – 263 145, DISTT. UDHAM SINGH NAGAR, UTTARAKHAND

44.

UTTAR PRADESH

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, MATHURA – 281 001, UTTAR PRADESH

UTTAR PRADESH PANDIT DEEN DAYAL UPADHYAYA PASHU CHIKITSA VIGYAN VISHWAVIDYALAYA EVAM GOANUSANDHAN SANSTHAN, MATHURA-281001, UTTAR PRADESH

45.

UTTAR PRADESH

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, KUMARGANJ, FAIZABAD - 224 229, UTTAR PRADESH

NARENDRA DEVA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL & TECHNOLOGY, NARENDRA NAGAR, P.O. KUMARGANJ, FAIZABAD – 224 229, UTTAR PRADESH

46.

BENGAL

FACULTY OF VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES, 37, KSHUDIRAM BOSE SARANI, BELGACHIA, KOLKATA - 700 037. WEST BENGAL

WEST BENGAL UNIVERSITY OF ANIMAL & FISHERY SCIENCES, 68, KSHUDIRAM BOSE SARANI, BELGACHIA, KOLKATA-700 037, WEST BENGAL.

 

Source Veterinary council of India

Scope of Veterinary Profession in government sector Š

  • Graduates work as a veterinary officer which is appointed by state public service commission Š
  • They are working as a veterinarian in Different state dairy corporation like Saras, Amul, Mother and Lotus etc Š
  • They are working as a nutrition expert in different dairy cattle feed Š
  • Post graduates work as a Assistant professor in different state and central veterinary universities Š
  • Post graduates work as a Teaching associate in different state universities Š
  • Post graduates work as a Research associate, Senior research fellow and junior research fellow in many project which is funded by state and central government like RKVY Š Post graduates work as a Instructor and Subject matter specialist in universities Š
  • Post graduates work as a expert in Krishi vigyan kendras (KVK) centre of state and central government Š
  • They also work as a expert in different immunological lab which is produce the vaccine
  • They also work as a expert in different livestock breeding farm of state and central government Š
  • They also work as a extension field officer in different nationalized bank
  • They also work as a captain post in Remount veterinary corps (RVC) in army, assistant commandant post in Border security force(BSF) and Indo-Tibetan border police (ITBP)

In Private sector Š

  • Work in a feed manufacturing industries as a nutritionist Š
  • Work in a pharmaceutical industries as a pharmacologist Š
  • Work in a vaccine producing industries Š
  • Work as a Veterinary technician Š
  • Work as a Dairy consultant Š
  • Work as a Canine and feline keeping in cosmopolitan cities Š
  • Establishment of dairy and poultry industries, meat and milk processing ventures, establishment of livestock business and marketing etc are gaining momentum

 

(The author is Teaching Associate Post Graduate Institute of Veterinary Education & Research, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Science, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, Email: rajeshkumarmahla46@gmail.com) Views expressed are personal

 

Image Courtesy : Google