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Editorial Articles


Issue no 07, 13-19 May 2023

The Resounding Impact of PM's Mann Ki Baat

EN Team

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi's monthly radio programme Mann Ki Baat, recently completed its 100th episode. It has garnered an unparalleled degree of awareness among the populace, with a staggering 96 percent of the population attesting cognizance of this broadcast.

A comprehensive study commissioned by the Prasar Bharati and conducted by the Indian Institute of Management, Rohtak divulged that the programme has an impressive reach, capturing the attention of 100 crore individuals. The study reveals that 23 crore people are regular listeners of this monthly radio programme. Furthermore, an additional 41 crore individuals constitute an intermittent audience.

These findings were disclosed in a press conference by Shri Gaurav Dwivedi, the CEO of Prasar Bharati, and Shri Dheeraj P. Sharma, Director of IIM Rohtak.

This report lists out the characteristics that have endeared Mann Ki Baat to the vast audience, highlighting the powerful and decisive leadership that establishes an emotional connect with the listeners. The Prime Minister's knowledge and his empathetic approach have won the hearts and minds of the country's populace. Furthermore, the report underscores the role that Mann Ki Baat has played in directly engaging citizens and providing them with guidance, thereby fostering a sense of trust and confidence in the government. Majority of listeners have become aware of the country’s progress with 73% feeling optimistic about the country's future prospects.

 In addition, a significant proportion of listeners (58%) have reported an improvement in their living conditions, while an equally impressive number (59%) attribute their increased awareness of government initiatives to the Prime Minister's radio broadcast. The findings of this study therefore attest to the influence and appeal of Mann Ki Baat, which continues to inspire and galvanize the nation towards a brighter future.

Let us take a look at some of the people and initiatives Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has spoken about in the 100 episodes broadcast so far:

 AGRICULTURE:

1. Bijiyashanti Tongbram: She took up the innovative work of making fabrics from lotus flowers and stems in her hometown Thanga in the Bishnupur district of Manipur and set up her organisation in 2018. Today, she is creating jobs for the local people of her area, thereby improving their economic status.

2. Hulsoor Mahila Kisan Millets Producer Company: This women-centric millet-based Farmer Producer Organisation (FPO) based in the Bidar district of Karnataka, promotes millets as a healthy food option and supports the farmers in the area. The FPO also provides training to women members on millet value addition.

3. Urugen Futsog: A farmer from Gya village in Leh, Ladakh, who does organic farming at a challenging height of 14,000 feet. He has successfully grown 20 varieties of crops ranging from barley to watermelons, employing organic farming methods.

 4. Chintala Venkat Reddy: An organic farmer from Telangana, he is the first independent farmer in India to receive an international patent for his technique in soil swapping and soil fertility. He has innovated rice and wheat varieties infused with Vitamin D and has also innovated organic 'muddy solution' to control locusts and other pests from attacking crops.

5. Rajendra Chabulal Jadhav: He devised a special machine during the COVID-19 pandemic to sanitise his village in Nashik. His innovation with various machinery to find solutions to important issues related to farming has earned him a national award.

6. Bikramjit Chakma: He has been making significant contributions to preserving medicinal plants in Tripura. About 75 per cent of the places where Apple Ber is cultivated in Tripura is now being cultivated under his technical guidance.

7. Sharmila Oswal: She founded 'Gudmom' - an organic food brand that focuses on empowering farmers to produce cruelty-free organic products and making them available to people from all walks of life at an affordable cost. Through her brand, she has impacted the lives of more than two lakh farmers and four thousand tribal families.

 8. IRADA: Set up in 2016 in Mal village, Lucknow, IRADA has been working for the progressive development of farming. When the farmers were not getting a fair price for their produce during the Covid-19 pandemic, IRADA ensured that farm produce was made available directly to the consumers from the farms, eliminating middlemen.

9. Virendra Yadav: He started an initiative to stop the increasing pollution in his village in Haryana. With the help of bundling machines, he has turned the stubble into a valuable input for agro-energy plants and paper mills and also provided employment in his village and surrounding areas.

10. TS Ringphami Young: He started apple farming and planted 85 saplings which have produced over 200 kg of apples. He has made a name for himself in the apple farming industry in Manipur.

11. KV Rama Subba Reddy: He is an agribusiness entrepreneur from Anupuru village, Andhra Pradesh. His initiative, Sattva Millets and Food Products, has been instrumental in enhancing millet seed production, producing all nine types of millets locally in Andhra Pradesh and making them available to consumers since 2019.

ATMANIRBHARTA

12. Santosh Devi: During the COVID-19, she continued her ancestral work of mat making and ensured a source of employment and thus selfsufficiency for her and her fellow craftspersons.

 13. Pramod Baitha: Working as a technician in an LED bulb manufacturing factory in Delhi, he returned to his hometown during the pandemic and started a small unit to manufacture LED bulbs, inspired by the Prime Minister's call for Atmanirbharta. Presently, he has a manufacturing unit which produces around 25-30 thousand bulbs a month.

14. Col. (Retd.) Harishchandra Singh: In 2016, he started organically cultivating chia seeds, along with other crops and fruits in his farm. He has become a role model for organic farmers and professionals who come to him to learn about his profitable farming model.

15. PM Murugesan: He came up with an innovative way to solve the problem of banana waste in his village in Madurai district. He built a machine that could make ropes using the waste banana leaves, peels, and stalks, which can be used to make bags and baskets. He has helped over 200 people become self-reliant.

16. Salman: Being a divyang, he started a factory in 2019 that manufactures slippers and detergent to help other divyangjan of his village in Moradabad. His team has ensured employment for themselves and also made their venture profitable.

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT

 17. Tharagaigal Kaivinai Porutkal Virpanai Angadi: This women self-help group of Tamil Nadu has been promoting indigenous handicrafts and generating a livelihood. Several women self-help groups came together to start a business that sells handicraft items like Tanjore dolls and Tanjore plates.

18. Captain Shiva Chauhan: She became the first woman Army officer to be posted in the challenging terrain of Siachen. She braved the harsh conditions and underwent rigorous training to prepare herself.

19. Adarsh Jeevika Mahila Mulberry Krishi Utpadak Samuh: It is a group of 47 women who are engaged in silkworm rearing and making cloth from cocoons. The group from Bihar, founded in 2017, brought about a positive change in the economic condition of the women associated with it.

20. Sunil Jaglan: He has made a significant impact on gender equality in his village Bibipur in Haryana. His notable achievements include starting the 'Selfie with Daughter' campaign which has gained immense popularity in India and abroad. He also started the country's first Mahila Mahapanchayat and the first HiTech Panchayat.

21. Suman Devi: During the COVID pandemic, she decided to make Khadi masks and distribute them to the needy with the help of the women of Maa Vaishno Self Help Group of which she is the treasurer.

22. Slipper Manufacturing Plant: Women of Phulpur at Prayagraj district in U.P. decided to step out of their houses and make a living. They bought a slipper machine to realise their dreams and helped rural women become self-employed and selfreliant.

23. Poonam Devi: She is the leader of the Shree Baburam Self-Help Group, an organisation in Lakhimpur Kheri, Uttar Pradesh that creates fiber from waste banana stems. They produce handbags, mats, rugs and other products from this fiber, providing an additional source of income for the women in the village.

24. District Administration of Dantewada: The tribal women of Dantewada in Chhattisgarh have found mobility and freedom in e-rickshaws. In order to make the women of the district selfreliant, the district administration provided e-rickshaws to women SHGs at subsidised rates and the members were trained and given proper licences.

HERITAGE AND CULTURE

25. Lidi Kro-U: It is a society formed by a group of women in Kohima, Nagaland in 2012, with the aim of preserving the rich cultures and traditions of their community. The organisation has undertaken the work of reviving beautiful facets of Naga culture that were on the verge of being lost, like folk music, folk dance, apparel making, tailoring, and weaving.

26. Tribeni Kumbho Mahotsav: The Tribeni Kumbho Mahotsav, which happened in 2022 in Hooghly, West Bengal, was revived after a gap of 700 years. Tribeni, in West Bengal has been known as a holy place for centuries and finds mention in various traditional literature.

27. Sagar Naik Mule: He is an artist from Adpai, a small village in Goa, who has been working to bring to light the ancient art form of Kaavi paintings and has been committed to preserving it.

28. Bangalore Storytelling Society: In 2013, a group of storytellers came together in Bengaluru, Karnataka to reclaim India's touch with its roots and culture. The Society is taking steps towards reviving, nurturing, and promoting the oral tradition of storytelling in India.

29. Radio Unity 90 FM: The community radio station located in Kevadiya, Gujarat provides information in Sanskrit to their listeners. The RJs are serving as guides for tourists visiting the area surrounding the Statue of Unity.

30. Sarmuddin Chitrakar: He is an artist specialising in the Patachitra artform from Paschim Medinipur in West Bengal. He is associated with Chitrataru Cluster, a cluster formed by the rural Patachitra artisans of Pingla, Paschim Medinipur to promote their culture and tradition.

31. Maling Gombu: She is credited with giving a new lease of life to a 1,000-year-old heritage art of paper making, 'Mon Shugu' at Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh. It is made using the bark of a plant named Shugu Sheng in which no chemical is used, thus, making it is safe for the environment and health.

32. Thiru R Guruprasad: He undertakes research on information shared by the Prime Minister in 'Mann ki Baat' on the greatness of Tamil language, culture, festivals, and major places in Tamil Nadu. He has compiled Tamil Nadu's significance in an e-book.

33. Sikari Tisso: He has been working diligently to document and preserve the Karbi language of Assam for the last 20 years. His efforts have resulted in the documentation of a significant amount of information about the Karbi language and literature.

34. Hiraman Korwa: He is a para-teacher living in Sinjo village in Garhwa district of Jharkhand who has taken upon himself the responsibility of preserving the Korwa culture and traditions. He has created a dictionary of the Korwa language.

35. Shripati Tudu: He is an Assistant Professor of Santali from West Bengal and has written five different books in Santali, including a translation of the Indian Constitution in that language.

36. CV Raju: He has been working to revive the Etikoppaka wooden toy craft in Etikoppaka village at Anakapalli district in A.P. and has been making the community quality conscious by exposing the artisans to various national and international toy regulations to ensure better price realisation for the craftsmen's produce.

37. Ram Kumar Joshi: Based at Uma District in H.P. He has devoted his life to the art of micro-writing and drawing sketches of freedom fighters and iconic figures on postage stamps, postcards, and chart papers using only the word 'Ram'.

HEALTHCARE

38. Manav Mandir: Run by Indian Association of Muscular Dystrophy. It is a voluntary organisation working towards generating awareness and providing relief and rehabilitation to the patients with muscular dystrophy in H.P.. This centre is primarily managed by the people suffering from this disease.

39. Poonam Nautiyal: She is a healthcare worker from Bageshwar in Uttarakhand who, despite facing many challenges such as rugged terrain and blocked roads due to rainfall, managed to vaccinate all the people in her area.

40. Sankalp 95: The noble initiative aimed to create awareness and enable people in the fields of education, health and social support for society. During the COVID-19 pandemic, they distributed PPE kits, masks, sanitisers and vaccines.

41. Trewa Gram Panchayat: During the Covid-19 pandemic, in Jammu, Balbir Kaur, the Sarpanch of the village embarked upon a mission of sanitising the village by carrying a spray pump on her shoulders. She got a quarantine centre built in her panchayat with a facility of 30 beds.

42. Anvi Zanzarukia: A 13- year-old girl with Down Syndrome from Surat in Gujarat who has made a name for herself in Yogasana through her hard work. Yoga has helped her in leading a better life and she is running a campaign called 'Do Yoga, Stay Healthy'.

 43. Project Sampoorna: This noble community-driven initiative aims to tackle the issue of malnutrition among the children in Bongaigaon, Assam. The project was inspired by the idea of providing a comprehensive approach to child's health and development including primary education, health, vaccination, weight and nutrition.

44. Patayat Sahu: For the last 40 years, he has been practicing Ayurveda and has formed Ayurveda Associations across the tribal-dominated Kalahandi district in Odisha. He is creating awareness among local tribals about saving the forests, which are like lifelines for several blocks in the district.

45. Ramlotan Kushwaha: He has built a museum of indigenous plants on his farm at Satna, M.P., where he has collected over 225 rare medicinal plants and seeds, grown organically on one-and-ahalf acres of land. His efforts have helped to preserve these valuable resources but also provide a source of income and knowledge for others.

SWACHH BHARAT

46. Tushar: A 8 year Divyang boy from a village in M.P. who cannot speak or listen, used to go door-to-door to spread the message of Open Defecation Free (ODF) in his locality. Due to this, the village became completely ODF.

 47. Chandrakishore Patil: He is a Swachhagrahi who has been working tirelessly to prevent people from throwing garbage into the Godavari river and has motivated many others to join his cause

48. Ocean Clean-Up: This initiative was by Subhash Chandran, a certified Scuba Instructor, when he witnessed the harsh reality of the polluted ocean at Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh while diving with his team. With the support of local fishermen and within a span of 13 days, they removed more than 4,000 kg of plastic waste from the sea.

49. Clean and Green Kokrajhar: A group of morning walkers in Kokrajhar, Assam, initiated this praise-worthy cleanliness drive. The group has been carrying out the cleanliness drive with great enthusiasm every week for the last two years.

50. Youth For Parivarthan: The motto of the organisation at Bengaluru in Karnataka is 'Stop Complaining, Start Acting'. The organisation's goal is to mobilise community participation for Swachh Bharat, and they do it by identifying garbage-prone areas and transforming them through cleaning, painting, and installing benches.

51. Ramveer Tanwar: He has been restoring ponds for years at Ghaziabad in U.P.. He started this initiative during his school days and has continued it ever since.

52. Ecological Protection Organization: This organization based in Chandrapur, Maharashtra, has dedicated itself to the cause of environment, forestwildlife, archaeological heritage promotion and conservation, disaster management, and the youth sector.

 53. Punyam Poonkavanam Project: This was initiated in 2011 to promote a culture of environmental protection among devotees arriving at the Sabarimala Ayyappa temple in Kerala by educating and encouraging them to reduce, reuse and recycle.

54. Anudeep and Minusha, Udupi: Seeing the horrible state of the Someshwar beach located in Byndoor town of Udupi, Karnataka, the young couple decided to spend some time every day cleaning the beach, which eventually transformed into a movement.

55. Sukhet Model: This model was conceptualised in 2020 at Madhubani District in Bihar as a small effort towards reducing pollution and has gradually turned into a community movement. The collected waste from farmers is transformed into vermi compost which serves as a bio-fertiliser for the farmers.

56. Chandrakant Kulkarni: He has been working for years towards cleanliness and water conservation at Pune in Maharashtra. He also sent 52 post-dated cheques of Rs. 5,000 each, almost one-third of his pension, as a contribution towards the Swachh Bharat Mission.

FIT INDIA

 57. Chinmay Patankar: Founder and volunteer of Mallakhamb Federation, USA (MFU), who has been working tirelessly to promote and teach Mallakhamb in the United States of America. It is the first national-level federation of Mallakhamb outside India.

58. Sonali Ramchandra Helvi: The 23- year-old has been playing Kabbadi for the past 15 years. Despite minimal support from family, she pursued her passion for sports and achieved success, including a gold medal for Maharashtra Under-14 in Kabbadi.

59. Prashant Singh Kanhaiya: In the Under-20 category of the 35th National Junior Athletics Championship in 2019, the pole vaulter from Haryana, smashed the record set in 1986 by Vijaypal Singh. With his determination, he broke his own national record at the 2020 Khelo India Games.

60. Vedangi Kulkarni: In 2018, she circumnavigated the globe on her bicycle, covering 29,000 km in 160 days, becoming the youngest woman to do so and also the fastest Asian to traverse the globe riding a bicycle.

61. Rajani: Hailing from Panipat in Haryana. She has won several awards including a gold medal in the School Games, gold in the Junior Women's Boxing Championship in 2018 and an Asian Championship sports medal in 2019.

62. Jigar Thakkar: The 24-year-old para-swimmer from Gujarat has won 23 gold, four silver and one bronze medal at the national level. Jigar has represented India in the Asian Games and the World Series.

63. Poorna Malavath: Hailing from a poor family in Nizamabad of Telangana, she is the youngest mountaineer to scale Mt. Everest at the age of 13 years and 11 months in 2014. Since 2014, she has completed the Seven Summit Challenge by climbing the seven most difficult and highest mountain peaks in the world.

 64. Kaamya Karthikeyan: She has summited the highest peaks of Mt. Aconcagua, (6,962 M), Mt. Kilimanjaro (5,895 M), Mt. Kosciusko (2,228 M) and Mt. Elbrus (5,642 M). Kaamya is also the youngest Indian to scale the summit of Mount Denali, the highest mountain peak in North America at 20,310 feet.

DIGITAL INDIA

 65. Om Prakash Singh: A rural entrepreneur from Hasanganj village in Uttar Pradesh, he has made a significant impact in his community by providing internet access to rural areas. Starting in 2019, Singh installed nearly a thousand connections in the surrounding areas within a year.

66. Yogesh Sahu and Rajneesh Bajpayee: The software engineer duo from Rae Bareli in U.P.created the Smart Gaon App. The app enables people to track the development of their village and connect with others globally.

67. Atul Patidar: The CEO and founder of Farmkart is taking agricultural technology to the farmers around the country. Farmkart has benefited farmers of tribal-dominated Barwani district of Madhya Pradesh, by giving them information about modern farming techniques to solve their problems.

68. Mohammad Aslam: The CEO of the Anta Kisan Agro Producer Company in Baran district of Rajasthan which is working towards making the farmers aware of the several modern technological advancements in agriculture that they can use to increase their produce and earn well. The 24-year-old has also made a WhatsApp group where he shares updates related to market price of crops with the farmers.

69. Sai Praneeth B: The 26-year-old software engineer from Andhra Pradesh has been providing regular updates in the name of 'Andhra Pradesh Weatherman', as a service to his community. People now take his weather prediction with seriousness, taking necessary steps to avoid weather disasters and risks.

SPREADING KNOWLEDGE

70. Rambhupal Reddy: A 62-year-old retired headmaster from a small village in Andhra Pradesh donated his postretirement financial benefits of Rs 25 lakhs in the Pradhan Mantri Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana to support the education and welfare of poor girls of the nation. Due to his charity, today over 100 accounts of school-going girls have been opened.

71. Deepmala Pandey: A primary school principal from Uttar Pradesh, has been working relentlessly to ensure the enrolment, inclusion, and rehabilitation of divyang children in schools with her unique campaign called 'One Teacher, One Call'.

72. Gaurav Tekriwal: Founder of Vedic Maths Forum Pvt. Ltd. He has been associated with Vedic Maths for the past 22 years and imparts its learning to students not only in India but also in nine other countries.

 73. Hemalatha NK: A teacher of Tamil from Viluppuram district, turned all the chapters of her course into animated videos. She transferred these videos to a pen drive and gave it to all her students.

 74. Dr Kurela Vithalacharya: Started a library with his own books in Ramannapet Division, Yadadri-Bhuvanagiri district, Telangana, which now has nearly two lakh books. His efforts have inspired people from many other villages to set up libraries as well.

75. Sapan Kumar Patralekh: A teacher in Jarmundi in Dumka district, Jharkhand, adopted the blackboard model, inspired by the New Education Policy. With the help of these pictures, he continued with his teaching work, thus ensuring that the children of his village could continue with their studies without any hindrance

76. PN Panicker Foundation: The foundation aims to create knowledge societies through reading and 'digital reading mission' activities throughout India. The foundation has grown to become a popular movement in the country with Jan Bhagidari.

77. Ngurang Meena Gurung: A teacher and activist from Rayo village of Arunachal Pradesh, founded the Ngurang Learning Institute in Kimin, to help empower womenfolk through various courses, skill development programmes and award ceremonies for women achievers.

78. Jatin Lalit Singh: A 25-year-old lawyer from Bansa village in Uttar Pradesh, has established the Bansa Community Library in his hometown. The idea behind establishing the library was to revive the reading culture in the village. SELFLESS SERVICE

79. Daitari Nayak: Along with his brothers and their sons, he started constructing a canal in 1996 and after four years of hard work, the canal from the nearby Gupta Ganga river brought water to the village in Jagatsinhpur district. Now known as the 'Canal Man of Odisha', the 70-year-old was honoured with the Padma Shri in 2019.

80. Kunwar Singh: He has brought about a positive change in Kachora village in Agra, Uttar Pradesh by solving the problem of water crisis in the village.

81. Marimuthu Yoganathan: A bus conductor from Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu, has been planting trees for the past 34 years. His noble initiative involves distributing free saplings to the passengers on his bus, and he has been spending a significant portion of his salary towards this work.

82. Narayanan: Started in 2021, his project, called 'One Earthen Pot for Living Water' has expanded across Kerala with the participation of one lakh students in Scouts and Guides, under which earthen pots are distributed to provide drinking water to birds and animals and ease their plight during harsh weather.

83. Dr Ajit Mohan Chaudhary: Provides free medical services and runs a literacy campaign for the poor and the illiterate at Kanpur in U.P.. Started in 2018, the 72-year-old has been serving the community providing free consultation and medicines to the underprivileged.

84. Saidul Laskar: A taxi driver from Punri village of West Bengal, he mobilised funds for twelve long years, which led to the establishment of a thirty-bedded hospital in the village.

85. Radhika Shastri: Started the AmbuRx project in 2021 in Coonoor Taluk of Nilgiris district in Tamil Nadu with the aim of providing easy transport to the patients in hilly areas. The AmbuRx vehicles are equipped with a stretcher oxygen cylinder, first aid box, and other medical equipment.

 86. Meera Shenoy: The CEO and founder of Youth4Jobs, she has dedicated her life to empowering differently-abled youth from across the nation. Based in Bengaluru, her initiative has impacted 9.8 million households and trained 48,000 young people.

87. Prison Inmates of Kaushambi: They are sewing covers for destitute cows which are then sent to the destitute cow protection sites and shelters being run by the district administration.

 88. Pon Mariyappan: Eight years back, this hairdresser from Thoothukudi in Tamil Nadu started keeping books in his salon which eventually transformed into a small library.

CONSERVING ENVIRONMENT

89. Save Chitte Lui Coordination Committee: A Mizoram-based initiative has restored the Chitte Lui river which provides an essential habitat for wildlife and contributes to the well-being of the city.

90. Manoj Benjwal (Project PRAWAH): Project 'Participatory Rejuvenation, Afforestation and Waste management along Himalayan-springs' or PRAWAH, is an initiative started by Manoj Benjwal from Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand to promote public awareness and participation in local litter clean-ups, afforestation drives and actions to improve local environment and to provide clean and safe drinking water to the people dependent on springs in the Himalayan region.

91. Satchidanand Bharti: A teacher from Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, has initiated an impressive rainwater harvesting programme that has put an end to the water crisis in the area. Since 1989, he has constructed over 30,000 ponds to collect water, building on the traditional water conservation in the hills, known as Chalkhal, inspiring many people to take up this initiative.

92. Khet Ka Pani Khet Mein, Gaon Ka Pani Gaon Mein: In Andhav village of Banda district in Uttar Pradesh, people initiated this innovative campaign called 'Khet ka pani khet mein, gaon ka pani gaon mein' to conserve rainwater. To achieve this, high bunds were raised in hundreds of bighas of fields, which facilitated water percolation into the ground.

93. Rohan Ashok Kale: Founder of the Maharashtra 'Stepwells Campaign', he is engaged in mapping, documenting, preserving, conserving, and reviving stepwells, organising stepwell deepot-savas, and promoting tourism in the State.

94. Rejuvenation of Kalyani River: The migrant workers of Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, after returning to their village during COVID-19 pandemic, together took up the responsibility of reviving the drying Kalyani River. The result has been that the farmers are able to cultivate paddy after many years due to the availability of sufficient water in their fields.

95. Amrit Sarovar: The pond in Patwai village, located in Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, which earlier used to be filled with filth and garbage, was renovated and rejuvenated with the initiative of the local administration and Jan Bhagidari. This pond was recognised by the Prime Minister as the first 'Amrit Sarovar' of the country.

96. Professor Srinivasa Padkandla: His mission is to create art forms with recycled automobile metal scrap in an economic and eco-friendly manner at Vijayawada, A.P.. For the past 25 years, he has been exhibiting his sculptures made of iron waste in public spaces, encouraged by municipal corporations and urban development authorities.

97. Suresh Kumar: He is an environmentalist from Bengaluru who has planted more than 10,000 trees in 20 years. He is passionately involved in building unique construction projects with innovative & environmentfriendly initiatives and has built bus shelters that depict Karnataka's rich cultural heritage.

98. Bowenpally Vegetable Market: It is the second largest wholesale vegetable market in the entire southern India located at Secuenderabad in Telangana. People associated with the vegetable market came up with a plan of generating electricity from the vegetable wastage by setting up a plant. Since then, approximately three lakh units of power have been generated.

99. Sultan se Surtan: The initiative is aimed to rejuvenate the Sultan Baori, an ancient stepwell at Udaipur in Rajasthan. Today, the baori has become a popular site for various cultural events and people started pouring into this old yet new place.

100. Super Straw Management: People of Kallar Majri village in Punjab came up with an innovative and ecofriendly solution to combat the menace of stubble burning by using 'Super Straw Management' behind the combine harvester to ploughs the stubble back in the soil itself. This initiative has helped in preserving soil fertility, preventing air pollution and reducing greenhouse gas emissions