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Special Content

Volume-27, 6-2 October, 2018


Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan

A Grassroot Youth Organisation

Nations and society grow, flourish, exist and sustain in their youth population. Therefore, it is from ages that youth are considered as the major and vibrant human resource of the society and nation. They are also considered as change agents.

The Indian youth had always played a significant role in furtherance of the society. The youth of India  had been in the forefront during multiple social transformations and also during independence struggle. In the contemporary times India is a country teeming in youth, with 70 % of people below the age of 40 years.  Major component of India's Gross National Income is being contributed by the youth. In view of large youth population  there is a dire need to further  develop this percentage. In fact, youth today, is a major resource for not only development of financial prosperity of the nation but also for social change and transformation towards a better tomorrow.

Being a vast populated and youth dominant country our youth population will have a global context and impact in the years to come. Hence, the youth population has a right to receive the composite knowledge, values and core competencies which shall make them better human beings for serving self and humanity.

The national youth policy 2014 has defined the age group for the youth as 15-29 years with a view to have a more focused approach as far as various policy interventions are concerned. Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan, an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports is one of the largest grassroot level youth organizations in the world that is working for the development of youth in India.

Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan

Nehru Yuva Kendras were established in the year 1972 with the objective of providing rural youth, avenues to take part in the process of nation building as well as providing opportunities for the development of their personality and skills.  In the year 1987-88, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan was set up as an autonomous organization under the Government of India to oversee working of these kendras.  Being one of the largest grassroot level youth organizations in the world, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan channelizes the power of youth on the principles of voluntarism, self-help and community participation.

The organization has targeted to identify areas of harnessing youth power for development by forming youth clubs which are village level voluntary action groups of youth at the grassroot level to involve them in nation building activities.

The core strength of NYKS lies in its network of youth clubs. Youth Clubs are village based organizations working for community development and youth empowerment. The basic objective for creation of youth clubs is to render community support through developmental initiatives involving activities with particular focus on youth empowerment. The implement-ation of programmes and activities of youth clubs is based on local needs and requirements by mobilizing resources from various government departments and other agencies, which include both national, state level and multilateral institutions. The youth clubs and its member volunteers form the base of the vast national rural network of Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan.

The area of focus of the NYKS activities include literacy and education, health and family welfare, sanitation and cleanliness, environment conservation, awareness on social issues, women empowerment, Rural development, skill development and self employment, entre-preneurship development, civic education and disaster relief and rehabilitation amongst others.

The objectives of NYKS are two fold :-

*To involve the rural youth in nation building activities.

*To develop such skills and values in them with which they become responsible and productive citizens of a modern, secular and technological nation.

Administrative Setup

NYKS, an autonomous organisation under the Department, is a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. NYKS has a Board of Governors (BoG). The Board of Governors is chaired by the Minister in-charge of Youth Affairs and Sports, with the Director General, NYKS acting as the Member-Secretary. The Board of Governors has official as well as non-officials members from relevant fields. The Director General, NYKS acts as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Organisation.

The activities of NYKS are carried out through a District Youth Coordinator in each District (who is in-charge of the Nehru Yuva Kendra in the District) and 2 National Youth Corps (NYC) volunteers in each Block. There are 623 district offices of NYKS. To administer and monitor the functioning of district level NYKs,  NYKS has 29 State Offices covering all States and UTs  and its National Headquarter is at New Delhi. In addition to the above, there are Advisory Committees at District and State levels, comprising of official and non-official members, to advise NYKS in carrying out their activities in a desired manner. The Advisory Committee at the District is headed by the District Collector or the Dy. Commissioner of the District and the Advisory Committee at the State level is headed by the State Minister in-charge of Youth Affairs.

Programmes/ Activities of NYKS

The Programmes/ activities carried out can be broadly classified in the following categories, namely:

*Core Programmes imple-mented by NYKS, with its own budgetary resources (Block Grants released by the Department).

*Programmes organised with funding from NPYAD (National Programme for Youth and Adolescent Development).

*Programmes organised in collaboration with funding from other Ministries/ Organisations.

*Programmes/ Activities in coordination with various Development Departments/ Agencies.

Core Programmes imple-mented by NYKS

*Youth Club Development Programme: A five-day long programme, the program aims at strengthening the existing network of youth clubs and forming new youth clubs with representations from all sections of society.

*Training on Youth Leadership and Community Development: The 3-day residential programme, aims at enhancing the capacities of young people to take leadership to help others to live a meaningful life and contribute towards nation building,  inculcate strong character, self discipline, integrity, positive attitude, commitment to nation and strong desire to spread messages for nation building and to establish a cadre of dedicated, motivated and trained youth leaders who are willing to engage for nation building activities.

*Promotion of Sports: The programme has three components which include providing sports material to the youth clubs and organi-zing sports meet at block and district level. The objective of this programme is to encour-age and promote sports culture and spirit of sports-manship among rural youth to adopt it as a way of life.

*Education in Basic Vocations and Soft Skills: The aim of this programme is to  upgrade vocational skills of rural youth and enable them to enhance their self - esteem in the society and to empower youth to address issues and concerns confronting their day to day life. It also aims at motivating the youth to take up employment or income generation programmes of their own and to make them aware of new skills for which there is increasing demand in the market.

*District level Promotion of Art and Culture: The programme aims at  providing opportunity to rural youth to display their folk art cultural talent and facilitate in preserving and promoting the same. It also provides an opportunity and platform to rural youth to exhibit their art and culture and get motivation for further skill up-gradation.

*Observance of Days of National Importance, National Youth Day and Week: The programme aims at generation of awareness about critical issues of national and international importance on the specific days.

*District Youth Convention: Organised annually by District NYKs, this programme provides opportunity and platform to youth leaders to discuss, express themselves, share experiences and suggest best practices for the youth empowerment programme.

*Mahatma Gandhi Yuva Swachhta Abhiyan evam Shramdaan Karyakram: The programme aims at creating awareness among youth about the need and importance of Swachhta and water conservation.

*Yuva Aadarsh Gram Vikas Karyakaram: The programme aims at developing one village in selected districts as model village by the youth for the youth. The activities would include making the villages open defecation free, 100% immunisations, 100% enrolment of children in primary school, cleanliness, preventive healthcare, popularisation of government flagship programmes amongst others.

*Awards to Outstanding Youth Clubs at District, State and National levels: The programme aims at recognizing the voluntary services rendered by youth clubs and encouraging them to undertake community welfare and nation-building activities.

*Awareness and Education Programme on Positivity: The programme aims at motivating the youth to work with Sewa Bhaav (Spirit of Service) work with positive mindset, take concrete steps in the journey from Positive India to New Progressive India with Nishkaam Karma and to create awareness and motivate youth to take lead in promoting positivity and brotherhood in their day to day life as well as work towards EK Bharat Shreshstha Bharat.

*Sankalp Se Siddhi -Youth Empowerment Programme for New India: The program aims at motivating the youth and making them aware through imparting education to involve themselves and others in the process towards making India clean, poverty-free, corruption-free, terrorism-free, communalism-free and casteismfree in the days to come.

*Theme Based Awareness and Education Campaign (for 06 Kashmir Valley Districts and 102 Aspirational Districts including 05 Identified Districts of Rajasthan): The programme aims at enhancing the capacities of the rural youth in addressing the issues and concerns affecting their lives. The focus areas to be covered during this campaign include health and nutrition, education, agriculture and water preservation and promotion and implementation of flagship programmes of the government.

In addition to these programmes, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan also organizes a national declamation contest on Patriotism and Nation Building. This declamation contest aims at inculcating the spirit of nationalism and patriotic feeling amongst youth and masses for enhanced participation in nation building. It also focuses on identifying youth with leadership qualities and good communication skills for their further development and empowerment to take lead in popularising Flagship Schemes of Government.

Programmes organised with funding from NPYAD (National Programme for Youth and Adolescent Development)

Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan organises the following programmes in collaboration with National Programme for Youth and Adolescent Development:

*National Integration Camps (NICs): The objectives of the programme include pro-moting national integration by bringing together youth from different parts of the country on common platform, giving them opportunity to understand cultural heritage of the country and enabling them to recognize threads of unity in diversity which bind all Indians together.

*Youth Leadership and Personality Development Programme (YLPDP): The objective of the programme is to train the youth leaders and to equip them with necessary qualities to assume responsibility for the village and the youth clubs and to act as catalysts for socio-economic and political-cultural development of the villages.

*Life Skill Training for Adolescents: The objective of the programme is to develop among adolescents the behavior which will empower them to make healthy choices, and to strengthen their life skills to cope with risky situations that they will encounter in their lives.

*Adventure Camps: The program aims at encouraging spirit of adventure and risk-taking amongst youth, building capacity of the youth to tackle situations during natural calamities and other emergencies and inculcating spirit of appreciation of nature with emphasis on ecology and conservation of natural resources. 

Programmes organised in collaboration with other Ministries/Organisations

Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan also organises programs with other Ministries and organizations for the holistic development of the youth. One of the most important program that is organized every year in collaboration with Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) includes Tribal Youth Exchange Programme (TYEP).

The program aims at providing an opportunity to the tribal youth of 30 selected districts of 07 states for exposure visit to 10 different places of the country. It is meant to help them understand the cultural ethos, language, lifestyles of the people, to expose tribal youth to the technological and industrial advancement that have taken place in different states of the country. The focus is on various developmental activities, skill development, educational & employment opportunities. The aim is also to sensitize the tribal youth about their rich traditional & cultural heritage and enable them to preserve it for the future generation.

The aim is to help the tribal youth to develop emotional linkages with their peer groups in other parts of the country and enhance their self esteem, to provide opportunities to the participants for interactions with Hon'ble President of India, PM & CMs, Governors & other VIPs, the local communities, Panchayati Raj Institutions and the youth affiliated with the NYKS Youth Clubs.

This helps youth in understanding development issues, seek guidance for their involvement in the process of development, and to develop their  personality by enhancing their understanding of Ten Core Life Skills.

The objective is let them identify their skill development oriented training needs and fulfilment of their legitimate career aspirations through Employable Skills, Scheme of Government of India and State Govt.

Programmes in coordination with Development Depart-ments/ Agencies

NYKS organises various programmes in coordination with various development depart-ments/ agencies considering the local needs of the districts and blocks. Some of the activities that are organised include linking youth clubs with skill development trainings, facilitating rural population to get benefits under flagship programs of government, creation of new water bodies, maintenance/ repair and improvement of existing water bodies, water harvesting, sapling plantation, cleanliness drives, organizing blood donation camps, women empowerment activities amongst others.

The human resource of any nation, especially the youth population provides the nation a national identity and takes it to the global map. Hence, the youth should actively participate in the activities of youth organizations like Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan to equip themselves with necessary knowledge and skills so as to lead a meaningful life for themselves and for the society at large.