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Special Content

volume-37,15-21 December 2018


G-20: Facts at A Glance

Who are the members of the G20?

Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.

What do the G20 members collectively represent?

Collectively, the G20 members make up 85% of the world's economic output, two-thirds of its population, 75% of international trade and 80% of global investments in research and development.

What does the G20 do?

The G20 convenes its members, guests countries, international organizations and engagement groups for dialogue on global affairs. Over many specialized meetings, which focus on a variety of issues, it builds consensus to develop global policies that address the challenges faced by humanity.

Where are the G20's headquarters?

The G20 has neither headquarters nor permanent staff. All organizational and logistical arrangements for meetings are handled by the country which is currently presiding over the group.

What are the advantages of the G20 as a forum?

With only 20 official members, the G20 is agile enough to make prompt decisions and to adapt to new challenges. Its membership features both developed and emerging markets from all continents, making it big enough to be globally representative and the world's most impactful global forum. The inclusion every year of invited countries, international organizations and civil society organizations through engagement groups allows for a broader and more comprehensive perspective when assessing global challenges and building consensus to address them.

What impact does the G20 have?

The G20 is one of the most important international forums for collaboration on the global economy. Its meetings address the world's most pressing challenges and coordinate appropriate global policy responses. In today's evolving geopolitical context, international collaboration is crucial, making the G20 all the more relevant. The G20 also ensures that developing countries have a greater impact on global affairs.The prime achievements of the G20 to date include: the quick deployment of emergency funding during the 2008 global financial crisis, reforms for international financial institutions, improving oversight of national financial institutions, bolstering the quality of financial regulatory bodies in markets whose fiscal and monetary policies have led to crisis, and creating a global security network to fight the spread of such crises in the future.

Why was the G20 established?

The G20 was conceived at the Group of Seven (G7) finance ministers and central bank governors meeting in 1999. They were convening in the aftermath of the 1997 Asian financial crisis and saw the need for a broader and more representative body to craft policies that would address the challenges affecting an ever more integrated world economy. They decided to invite key emerging markets in a new forum of finance ministers and central bank governors to discuss global monetary and financial issues in what would later become the G20.With the onset of the global financial crisis of 2008, the G20 became the method to navigate through the global financial uncertainty, and thus a need arose for it to be a forum at the highest political level. Henceforth, the G20 has also been attended by heads of State or Government.

Which issues does the G20 address?

The G20 focuses on a broad agenda of issues of global importance. Although issues pertaining to the global economy dominate the agenda, additional items have become more important in recent years. Traditional topics of debate centre around the global economy, financial markets, tax and fiscal policy, trade, agriculture, employment, energy and the fight against corruption. Other elements of recent agendas include the advancement of women in the job market, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, climate change, global health, anti-terrorism and inclusive entrepreneurship, among others.

Besides the G20 members, who else attends the G20 meetings?

Spain is a permanent invited country and has attended every G20 summit since 2008. Every year, the host country invites a number of additional countries at its discretion. For the 2018 G20, President Mauricio Maurico has invited Chile and the Netherlands. Key regional organizations are typically invited to participate and are represented by the country which holds the presidency. Examples of regular invitees include the African Union, the Association for Southeast Asian Nations and the New Partnership for Africa's Development. For the 2018 G20, President Mauricio Macri has also invited the Caribbean Community, represented by Jamaica. International organizations also attend G20 meetings. Examples of regular attendees include the Financial Stability Board, the International Labour Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development, the United Nations, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization. For the 2018 G20, President Mauricio Macri has also invited the Inter-American Development Bank and the Development Bank of Latin America.

What is the G20 presidency?

One country is chosen by the G20 members to hold the presidency over the group for one year. The presiding country organizes and hosts the meetings, sets the agenda priorities to discuss and invites additional attendees at its discretion. As the G20 has no permanent secretariat, the role of the presiding country is critical to the forum's effectiveness.

How is the G20 presidency chosen?

The annual G20 presidency rotates between its member countries. The nineteen countries are divided into five groups, each containing no more than four countries. The country groups are predominantly organized on a regional basis. The presidency rotates between each group. Every year, the G20 selects a country from another group to be president.

The groups of G20 countries are the following:

Group 1: Australia, Canada, Saudi Arabia, United States

Group 2: India, Russia, South Africa, Turkey

Group 3: Argentina, Brazil, Mexico

Group 4: France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom

Group 5: China, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea

As of the Argentine G20 presidency of 2018, 13 of the 19 G20 countries have hosted the G20 summit.

Which guest countries and organizations are taking part in the 2018 G20?

G20 guest countries are Spain (permanent invitee), Chile and the Netherlands, and on behalf of regional organizations, Singapore (ASEAN), Jamaica (CARICOM), Rwanda (African Union) and Senegal (NEPAD). The Argentine G20 presidency also invited the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF).

What are the objectives of the Argentine G20 presidency?

The Argentine presidency aims to bring a Latin American perspective to the G20. It seeks to build a consensus amongst the world's major powers for fair and sustainable development that will generate equal opportunities for all people. This is closely in line with the concerns and aspirations of  Latin Americans: to harness the region's great economic potential and advance towards eradicating poverty.

Which agenda priorities has Argentina proposed for its G20 presidency?

The future of work, infrastructure for development and a sustainable food future. Discover more here.

Where will Argentina host its G20 meetings?

Meetings will be held across the country: in the city of Buenos Aires and in the provinces of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Jujuy, Mendoza, Misiones, Río Negro, Salta, Santa Fe and Tierra del Fuego.

After Argentina, who will host the G20?

Japan in 2019 and Saudi Arabia in 2020. Neither country has ever held the G20 presidency.